In April 2015, Massachusetts' Parental Leave Act went into effect. G.L. c. 149, §105D, previously known as the Maternity Leave Act became the Parental Leave Act, applicable to both men and women. The law continues to apply only to employers with six or more employees. It provides for 8 weeks of unpaid leave for the birth of a child, adoption of a child or placement of a child pursuant to a court order, although if both parents work for the same employer, they can only take a combined total of 8 weeks of leave.
Massachusetts employers must be aware of several potentially relevant laws when an employee requests leave or a reduced schedule as a result of complications from pregnancy. Employers with at least six employees are covered by the Massachusetts Maternity Leave Act ("MMLA"). The MMLA entitles female employees that have completed an initial probationary period to up to 8 weeks of leave for the purpose of giving birth or adopting a child. The leave is either paid or unpaid at the discretion of the employer, but it is only available once the child has been born.